The best road trips in the world have inspired artists through the ages, from Kerouac and Steinbeck to the talents at Pixar. Here, we attempt to explain why.
When it comes to road trips, we’ve had our fair share of mishaps. We’ve battled a whiteout in Iceland, got stuck in a ditch in Turkey, broken down in Chile and changed a tyre in Namibia’s lion territory.
Despite all this, we’re irrevocably drawn to the open road. There’s a very specific freedom in being able to rent a car wherever you land and setting your own course. More importantly, you can change that course when you want to. Whether you spend extra days in a national park or depart early from a tourist town, you’re the master of your own time.
Our travel wish list includes some of the best road trips in the world. Below, we list our favourite on each continent along with a look at its closest contender.
Duration: 14-21 days
Car: Rental car options in Illinois, USA
Route 66 is the quintessential US road trip. Nothing epitomises the essence of American spirit quite like this infamous route. Designed in 1926 as the first highway of its kind, Route 66 was paved in 1937 and stretched across America from Chicago to LA, crossing eight states and three time zones.
A mere 20 years later, however, it was usurped by a faster four-lane interstate system that bypassed Route 66, prompting its demise. By 1985, it was officially decommissioned.
Luckily, great sections of the route survive, thanks to non-profit organisations and the US National Park Service. Today, you can drive significant stretches of Route 66 amid some of America’s iconic motifs: classic motels and drive-ins, restored roadsters and hulking Harleys. Expect atmospheric towns, evocative desert landscapes and the undeniable romance of the open road.
Tip: Many users of the original Route 66 were families on their summer vacation. There’s certainly a charm to the RVs and Airstreams, but if you want to beat the crowds, visit in the shoulder season of Apr-May or Sep-Oct. You will benefit from milder weather without sacrificing hours of daylight.
The contender: Cabot Trail
Duration: 2-5 days
Car: Rental car options in Canada
The Cabot Trail is a scenic route on Cape Breton Island in Nova Scotia. Encircling Cape Breton Highlands National Park and part of the adjacent shore, the trail takes in a tapestry of terrain. Expect winding roads, serene lakes and boundless cliff-top views over the icy Atlantic Ocean.
The trail was completed in 1932 and connected once isolated fishing villages along the 298km route. Today, it offers a vibrant mix of scenic viewpoints, cultural heritage sites, colourful fishing villages, picturesque hiking trails and several chances to spot whales, among them Pilots, Finbacks, Minkes and Humpbacks.
Tip: The Cabot Trail winds along steep grades and curves, so the ‘inside’ lane in the clockwise direction is better for drivers who don’t like to drive next to steep drops. The anticlockwise direction, however, offers less traffic and better views.
Duration: 21+ days
Car: Rental car options in Argentina
Ruta 40 or ‘Route 40′ is Argentina’s answer to the US’s Route 66. Starting in Cabo Vírgenes, the southernmost point of the Argentine mainland, Ruta 40 snakes past 11 provinces, 20 national parks and 24 major rivers, all the way north to the Bolivian border.
Abra de Acay lies at 5,061m (16,604ft) on the route, making it the highest point on a national road anywhere in the world.
Ruta 40 is long and occasionally wearying, but Argentina’s magnificent Patagonian steppe, expansive views of glacial peaks and ever-changing terrain make this one of the best road trips in the world.
Tip: Sheep have the right of way and guanacos and ñandús may also make an appearance. Slow down and give them plenty of space.
The contender: Salar de Uyuni
Distance: Depends on route
Duration: 3 days
Car: Rental car options in Bolivia
Salar de Uyuni is one of the most visited sites in Bolivia – not that you would know it. Covering an area of 10,582km2, these iconic salt flats feel like a deserted hinterland.
The flats were formed from what was originally Lake Minchin, a giant prehistoric lake that largely evaporated under the scorching Andean sun leaving behind a thick crust of salt – what we know today as Salar de Uyuni.
Atlas & Boots
The vast expanse of white stretches as far as the eye can see, warping your sense of perspective. In wet season, the flats create what’s known as the ‘largest mirror on Earth’ where the sky is reflected off the glass-like surface. Driving here feels like gliding on water.
Tip: Make sure you wear high-SPF sunscreen. The harsh sun reflected off the salt will burn you at the first sign of complacency.
North Coast 500
Duration: 5-10 days
Car: Rental car options in the UK
The North Coast 500 is one of the world’s most iconic coastal drives. It starts and ends in Inverness and traces a 830km (500mi) route along Britain’s outer limits, taking in vertiginous sea cliffs, distinctive rugged peaks and striking white-sand beaches.
Of course, there’s more to the Highlands than coastal sands. Expect lonely lochs, haunting moorlands and vast tracts of desolate beauty. This is Scotland at its brooding best.
Easing the nip of the northern air are charming distilleries and breweries, cosy inns and pubs and that tireless Scottish charm.
Tip: Drive the route anticlockwise to make the most of the light and the backdrop of the Assynt mountains. Head north from Inverness up the east coast to Caithness, then turn west across the top of Scotland before descending down the west coast.
The contender: The Ring Road
Duration: 10-14 days
Car: Rental car options in Iceland
When it comes to Iceland, writers often turn to fiction to describe the country adequately. You will see comparisons to Narnia, Game of Thrones or Lord of the Rings – all perfectly warranted, for Iceland really is a place of raw and relentless beauty.
The Ring Road, also known as Route 1, brings you to some of the prettiest spots in the country including Seljalandsfoss and Skógafoss waterfalls, Dyrhólaey and the Jökulsárlón glacier lagoon.
Since our visit in 2010, tourism in Iceland has boomed and it’s not hard to see why. Expect gigantic waterfalls and magnificent glaciers, secret ice caves, soaring peaks and a stark, often desolate, beauty.
Tip: The weather is changeable in Iceland, so build in extra days for seeing the major sights. If wind conditions are particularly harsh, park your car facing the wind to prevent your doors from blowing backwards.
Location: South Africa
Duration: 3-7 days
Car: Rental car options in South Africa
South Africa’s Garden Route is widely regarded as one of the best road trips in the world. The forested swath stretches 200km from Mossel Bay in the west to Storms River in the east, taking in a vast array of vegetation, wildlife and topography.
The area was once home to a great African forest. Khoi herders considered it a paradise, calling it Outeniqua (“the man laden with honey”). Sadly, the forest was dramatically impacted with the arrival of Dutch woodcutters in the 18th century. What remains evidences Outeniqua’s glorious beauty.
Expect picturesque lagoons, tiny coves and sweeping hills leading to the mountains of the Outeniqua and Tsitsikamma ranges which divide the Garden Route from Little Karoo.
Tip: If you’re starting and finishing your trip in Cape Town, instead of driving up and down the same route, explore the interior in one direction. This takes 1.5 hours longer and allows you to explore Matjiesfontein, the Meiringspoort Pass and wine farms and restaurants along Route 62.
The contender: Skeleton Coast
Duration: 1-3 days
Car: Rental car options in Namibia
After our self-drive safari in Namibia, we fell irreversibly in love with the country. The Skeleton Coast was high on our list with its promise of bleached whalebones strewn across shore and the giant hulls of rusting shipwrecks. Sadly, the most impressive victims of this infamous coast have been swallowed by sand and sea. Still, there remains a stark beauty that’s well worth exploring.
Expect vast stretches of desertscape misted by the tendrils of coastal fog. You’ll find dunes that roll to the sea and several shipwrecks dotting the shore, the easiest of which to reach is the Zeila 14km south of Henties Bay.
Tip: After Mongolia and Australia, Namibia is the least densely populated country in the world. People – and therefore petrol stations! – are few and far between. The general rule in Namibia is to fill up whenever you have the opportunity.
Location: Pakistan, China
Duration: 10 days
Car: Karakoram Jeep Treks International
It would be negligent to list the best road trips in the world and not include the Karakoram Highway. Also known as the China-Pakistan Friendship Highway, it snakes from Hasan Abdal in the Punjab province of Pakistan to the Khunjerab Pass in Gilgit-Baltistan where it crosses into China.
The highway passes through the Karakoram mountain range and is one of the highest paved roads in the world. Given its maximum elevation of 4,714m (15,466ft) and the difficult conditions under which it was built, it is sometimes referred to as the Eighth Wonder of the World.
The Karakoram Highway is not without peril, but audacious travellers will find unparalleled access to one of the most stunning regions in the world. Plunging valleys and gigantic peaks make for some of the most jaw-dropping scenery you will ever see.
Tip: Although the Karakoram Highway officially begins in Rawalpindi, Pakistan, the most popular starting point is Gilgit. Karakoram Jeep Treks International can provide a 4×4 and a driver-cum-guide. Note that the Khunjerab Pass is only open from May to October and can close without notice in bad weather.
The contender: Gobi Desert
Duration: 12 days
Car: Rental car options in Mongolia
The Gobi is the one of the largest deserts in the world. Measuring 1,600km from the southwest to northeast, it is one of the last frontiers of true adventure travel. Here, you will find soaring sand dunes and ice-filled canyons dotted across a daunting desert landscape.
Visit the famous “singing dunes” at Khongoryn Els. This natural phenomenon occurs when the wind shifts grains of sand, causing the dunes to “hum”.
Expect long days in the car, even on an organised tour. The landscapes here are seemingly endless.
Tip: Mongolia is the least densely populated country in the world. Given the long stretches of barren landscape, most visitors opt to hire a driver rather than self-drive. Sunpath Mongolia is well reviewed on TripAdvisor.
Great Ocean Road
Duration: 3-5 days
Car: Rental car options in Australia
Atlas & Boots
The Great Ocean Road is undoubtedly one of the best road trips in the world. Studded with jagged rock stacks and dramatic coastal cliffs, the route runs between the Victorian towns of Torquay and Allansford.
Built between 1919 and 1932, the Great Ocean Road was intended as both a memorial to the soldiers who died in the First World War and a means of employment for those who returned. Over 3,000 ex-servicemen helped build the road, resulting in the world’s largest war memorial.
Watch the crashing waves of the Southern Ocean, pause in a laid-back seaside town and marvel at the unbridled beauty of this magnificent coast.
Tip: We drove the Great Ocean Road eastwards from Allansford to Torquay, but suggest you do it the opposite way. In that direction, you will drive on the ocean side of the road and won’t need to cross traffic when parking at a photo stop.
The contender: South Island Circuit
Location: New Zealand
Duration: 14+ days
Car: Rental car options in New Zealand
It could be argued that the South Island Circuit is the best road trip in Oceania, usurping Australia’s Great Ocean Road. It’s a valid point given New Zealand’s majestic scenery.
The South Island, carved by ice and water, boasts a jaw-dropping mix of gleaming glaciers, glassy fjords and jagged peaks dusted with snow.
Epic Drives by Lonely Planet showcases 50 of the best road trips in the world. Organised by continent, each route features a first-hand account, awe-inspiring photographs, illustrated maps and practical advice.