17 interesting facts about Colombia

Our curated list of the most interesting facts about Colombia we learnt during our visit.

We didn’t plan on staying a month in Colombia. After spending longer than we had planned in the South Pacific, we were wary that we had only six months for an area far larger than what we had seen thus far.

Of course, our journey through Cartagena, Santa Marta, Taganga, Medellin, Guatapé, Popayán and San Agustín warranted more than the two weeks we had planned.

Our friends and family were worried about us staying in this historically volatile land but we found a lively and absorbing country that was as intriguing as its more frequented neighbours. 

Along the way, we learnt many interesting facts about Colombia – we share our favourites below.

Interesting facts about Colombia

1. Notorious drug lord Pablo Escobar reportedly offered to pay Colombia’s national debt of $10bn to improve his reputation and escape the crosshairs of justice.
(Source: Killing Pablo by Mark Bowden, 2001)

2. Colombia’s ‘second city’ Medellin was once the murder capital of the world with 17 murders every day in 1991. It has since undergone a renaissance and is now one of the country’s main cultural hubs.
(Source: The Guardian, 2014)

interesting facts about Colombia
Botero’s birds: A destroyed sculpture sits next to a newer, perfectly-formed counterpart, representing the two stories of Medellin

3. Aracataca, the birthplace of author Gabriel García Márquez, once held a referendum to rename the town ‘Aracataca-Macondo’ after the fictional town of Macondo from his famous book One Hundred Years of Solitude. Unfortunately, the referendum failed due to low turnout.
(Source: BBC, 2006)

4. Colombia is the second most biodiverse country in the world, after only Brazil which is 10 times its size. It is one of only 17 “megadiverse” countries in the world.
(Source: World Resources Institute, 2013)

interesting facts about Colombia
The inter-locking lakes of Guatapé

5. Colombia is part of the Ring of Fire, a group of countries in the Pacific Ocean vulnerable to earthquakes and volcanic eruptions.
(Source: National Geographic)

6. Colombia was the inspiration behind our ebook Don’t Offer Papaya: 101 Tips for Your First Time Around the World. The phrase ‘don’t offer papaya’ is one of the rules of the street and warns that if you leave your valuables (‘papaya’) in a vulnerable position, someone will take it.
(Source: Atlas & Boots)

7. Hardcore porn is sold on street stalls so don’t be surprised if you’re confronted with sensual donkey porn while waiting at the traffic lights.
(Source: Erm, first-hand experience)

8. Colombian women don’t hesitate to change their bodies if they’re dissatisfied. The country is currently the 5th most popular hub for cosmetic surgery.
(Source: Economist, 2013)

9. Following on from the above, store mannequins have enormous breasts as a reflection of the country’s preoccupation with curves.

interesting facts about Colombia
Mannequins often reflect the handiwork of Colombia’s plastic surgeons (Image: The Hungry Vegan)

10. Bogota has South America’s largest network of bicycle routes: over 300km stretching from slum areas and suburbs to the city centre.
(Source: Danish Architecture Centre, 2014)

11. Colombia is on the equator, so expect much heat and sun!
(Source: Google Maps)

12. Local government periodically imposes a ‘Dry Law’ during major events such as World Cup matches and elections, prohibiting alcohol consumption in order to stem public violence.
(Source: Colombia Report, 2014)

13. Speaking of the World Cup, the Colombians stole our hearts in the last tournament.


14. The country’s name is pronounced Col-o-mbia, not Col-u-mbia. Many non-Spanish speakers get this wrong.

15. Colombia is the only country in South America that has coastlines on both the Pacific Ocean and the Caribbean Sea.
(Source: Google Maps)

interesting facts about Colombia
Taganga on the Caribbean Sea

16. Colombia is the happiest country in the world according to the 2013 and the 2014 Barometer of Happiness and Hope.
(Source: Colombia Reports, 2014)

17. Despite its reputation as a drug-peddling dangerous place, in reality, it’s one of the most beautiful countries in the world with a diverse nation that is helpful, hopeful and deeply endearing.

Recommended reading:

One Hundred Years of Solitude was an instant success, running to hundreds of editions, winning four international prizes, and being translated into 27 languages. In 1982, its author received the Nobel Prize for Literature.


Vital, shocking, wry, and never simplistic, Short Walks from Bogotá: Journeys in the New Colombia unpicks the tangled fabric of Colombia to create a stunning work of reportage, history and travel writing.


Killing Pablo: The Hunt for the Richest, Most Powerful Criminal in History charts the rise and spectacular fall of the Colombian drug lord, Pablo Escobar, the richest and most powerful criminal in history. The book exposes the massive illegal operation by covert US Special Forces and intelligence services to hunt down and assassinate Escobar.

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