poorest countries in the world ranked

Poorest countries in the world – ranked

African nations dominate the ranking of the poorest countries in the world based on the latest data from the World Bank.

In 2017, we spent a month travelling through Ethiopia and Djibouti. Growing up in the eighties, we were only too aware of the struggles Ethiopia had faced historically: political unrest, civil war and, of course, famine.

By 2017, however, Ethiopia had the fastest-growing economy in the world and was named by Lonely Planet as one of the best countries to visit that year. Change is happening, but it’s slow.

Figures suggest that around a third (33.5%) of Ethiopia’s population still lives in poverty. Despite the good press, the country still faces regular political instability, civil unrest and abject hardship.

Major international organisations assess a country’s wealth using different factors. One commonly used criterion – including by the World Bank – is GDP per capita based on purchasing power parity (PPP).

PPP is the alternative to using market exchange rates. The actual purchasing power of any currency is the quantity of that currency needed to buy a specified unit of a good or a basket of common goods and services. PPP is determined in each country based on its relative cost of living and inflation rates.

Therefore, using PPP GDP (GDP per capita based on purchasing power parity), it is possible to compare disparate regions and rank the poorest countries in the world. International dollars are used as a global currency for comparison.

Poorest countries in the world

As of 2017, 45 countries had pledged $25.1 billion USD in aid for the poorest countries in the world. This aid goes to the World Bank International Development Association (IDA), which distributes the loans to 80 countries.

African nations are the very poorest countries in the world. The first non-African country on the list is Haiti, ranked 15th. The data can be sorted by the poorest or richest countries in the world.

Note: Andorra, Cuba, Liechtenstein, Monaco, North Korea, Somalia and Syria do not have sufficient data available for the ranking.

PoorestRichestCountry NameInternational $
1193Central African Republic727
2192Burundi735
3191Congo, Dem. Rep.889
4190Niger1,019
5189Malawi1,205
6188Mozambique1,250
7187Liberia1,285
8186Eritrea*1,510
9185Sierra Leone1,530
10184Madagascar1,558
11183Togo1,663
12182South Sudan***1,695
13181Gambia, The1,699
14180Guinea-Bissau1,704
15179Haiti1,819
16178Burkina Faso1,866
17177Uganda1,868
18176Ethiopia1,903
19175Chad1,945
20174Afghanistan1,976
21173Rwanda2,043
22172Kiribati2,185
23171Mali2,218
24170Guinea2,247
25169Benin2,276
26168Solomon Islands2,427
27167Zimbabwe2,434
28166Yemen, Rep.2,606
29165Nepal2,702
30164Djibouti*2,705
31163Comoros2,751
32162Lesotho2,932
33161Tanzania2,948
34160Tajikistan3,202
35159Vanuatu3,215
36158Kenya3,292
37157Sao Tome and Principe3,359
38156Senegal3,458
39155Micronesia, Fed. Sts.3,701
40154Cameroon3,722
41153Kyrgyz Republic3,735
42152Bangladesh3,877
43151Tuvalu3,933
44150Cote d'Ivoire3,945
45149Mauritania3,958
46148Cambodia4,018
47147Zambia4,033
48146Papua New Guinea4,208
49145Marshall Islands4,247
50144Ghana4,502
51143West Bank and Gaza4,896
52142Sudan4,914
53141Honduras4,997
54140Congo, Rep.5,454
55139Pakistan5,539
56138Moldova5,711
57137Nicaragua5,855
58136Nigeria5,887
59135Tonga5,969
60134Myanmar6,174
61133Samoa6,641
62132Angola6,658
63131Vietnam6,790
64130Uzbekistan6,880
65129Cabo Verde6,913
66128Lao PDR7,038
67127India7,166
68126Timor-Leste7,228
69125Bolivia7,576
70124El Salvador8,023
71123Guatemala8,168
72122Guyana8,180
73121Morocco8,225
74120Philippines8,361
75119Belize8,525
76118Eswatini8,659
77117Ukraine8,699
78116Jamaica9,066
79115Jordan9,173
80114Bhutan9,392
81113Fiji9,575
82112Armenia9,668
83111Dominica10,037
84110Namibia10,471
85109Georgia10,674
86108Kosovo10,760
87107Egypt, Arab Rep.11,608
88106Ecuador11,612
89105St. Vincent and the Grenadines11,769
90104Tunisia11,936
91103Indonesia12,310
92102Sri Lanka12,863
93101Albania12,943
94100Mongolia12,946
9599Bosnia and Herzegovina13,108
9698Paraguay13,109
9797Peru13,463
9896South Africa13,526
9995St. Lucia13,986
10094Colombia14,503
10193Lebanon14,513
10292Palau14,854
10391Nauru15,039
10490Grenada15,156
10589Suriname15,191
10688North Macedonia15,290
10787Algeria15,293
10886Serbia15,432
10985Brazil15,553
11084Dominican Republic16,064
11183Maldives16,688
11282China16,842
11381Iraq16,935
11480Botswana17,024
11579Costa Rica17,110
11678Azerbaijan17,450
11777Venezuela**17,694
11876Thailand17,910
11975Turkmenistan18,031
12074Gabon18,113
12173Barbados18,559
12272Mexico18,656
12371Belarus18,896
12470Montenegro19,355
12569Libya19,673
12668Argentina20,829
12767Iran, Islamic Rep.20,885
12866Bulgaria20,948
12965Mauritius22,356
13064Uruguay22,610
13163Antigua and Barbuda23,522
13262Equatorial Guinea24,439
13361Panama24,521
13460Chile24,747
13559Russian Federation25,763
13658Croatia26,296
13757Kazakhstan26,491
13856Romania26,660
13955Turkey28,002
14054Latvia28,362
14153Greece28,583
14252St. Kitts and Nevis28,636
14351Hungary28,799
14450Seychelles29,328
14549Malaysia29,511
14648Poland29,924
14747Bahamas, The30,495
14846Trinidad and Tobago31,645
14945Slovak Republic32,371
15044Portugal32,554
15143Lithuania33,253
15242Estonia33,448
15341Cyprus36,012
15440Slovenia36,387
15539Czech Republic38,020
15638Korea, Rep.38,824
15737Israel38,868
15836Spain39,037
15935Puerto Rico39,092
16034Aruba39,493
16133New Zealand40,748
16232Malta40,797
16331Italy40,924
16430Oman41,331
16529Japan42,067
16628France44,033
16727United Kingdom44,920
16826Finland46,344
16925Canada46,510
17024Bahrain47,708
17123Belgium49,367
17222Australia49,378
17321Sweden51,405
17420Germany52,556
17519Austria53,879
17618Saudi Arabia53,893
17717Denmark54,356
17816Netherlands54,422
17915Iceland55,322
18014Cayman Islands58,303
18113United States59,928
18212Hong Kong SAR, China61,671
18311Norway62,183
18410San Marino63,549
1859Switzerland66,307
1868Kuwait72,096
1877United Arab Emirates74,035
1886Ireland76,745
1895Brunei Darussalam79,003
1904Singapore94,105
1913Luxembourg107,641
1922Macao SAR, China115,367
1931Qatar128,647

* only 2011 data available
** only 2014 data available
*** only 2016 data available


Source: World Development Indicators from the World Bank; GDP per capita based on purchasing power parity (PPP); data last updated on 18/05/19.

Lead image: Atlas & Boots

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