poorest countries in the world ranked

Poorest countries in the world – ranked

African nations dominate the ranking of the poorest countries in the world based on the latest data from the World Bank.

In 2017, we spent a month travelling through Ethiopia and Djibouti. Growing up in the eighties, we were only too aware of the struggles Ethiopia had faced historically: political unrest, civil war and, of course, famine.

However, just two years ago Ethiopia had the fastest-growing economy in the world and was named by Lonely Planet as one of its Best in Travel countries of the year. Change is happening, but it’s still slow.

Figures suggest that around a third (33.5%) of Ethiopia’s population still lives in poverty. Despite the good press, the country still faces regular political instability, civil unrest and abject hardship.

Major international organisations assess a country’s wealth using different factors. One criterion commonly used – including by the World Bank – is GDP per capita based on purchasing power parity (PPP).

PPP is the alternative to using market exchange rates. The actual purchasing power of any currency is the quantity of that currency needed to buy a specified unit of a good or a basket of common goods and services. PPP is determined in each country based on its relative cost of living and inflation rates.

Therefore, using PPP GDP (GDP per capita based on purchasing power parity) it is possible to assess each country and rank the poorest countries in the world. International dollars are used as a global currency for comparison.

Poorest countries in the world

Africa dominates the ranking of the poorest countries in the world. The first non-African country on the list is Haiti, ranked 15th.

Some territories such and some countries (particularly those locked in ongoing conflicts) do not have sufficient data available for the ranking.

RankCountry NameInternational $
1Central African Republic727
2Burundi735
3Congo, Dem. Rep.889
4Niger1,019
5Malawi1,205
6Mozambique1,250
7Liberia1,285
8Eritrea*1,510
9Sierra Leone1,530
10Madagascar1,558
11Togo1,663
12South Sudan***1,695
13Gambia, The1,699
14Guinea-Bissau1,704
15Haiti1,819
16Burkina Faso1,866
17Uganda1,868
18Ethiopia1,903
19Chad1,945
20Afghanistan1,976
21Rwanda2,043
22Kiribati2,185
23Mali2,218
24Guinea2,247
25Benin2,276
26Solomon Islands2,427
27Zimbabwe2,434
28Yemen, Rep.2,606
29Nepal2,702
30Djibouti*2,705
31Comoros2,751
32Lesotho2,932
33Tanzania2,948
34Tajikistan3,202
35Vanuatu3,215
36Kenya3,292
37Sao Tome and Principe3,359
38Senegal3,458
39Micronesia, Fed. Sts.3,701
40Cameroon3,722
41Kyrgyz Republic3,735
42Bangladesh3,877
43Tuvalu3,933
44Cote d'Ivoire3,945
45Mauritania3,958
46Cambodia4,018
47Zambia4,033
48Papua New Guinea4,208
49Marshall Islands4,247
50Ghana4,502
51West Bank and Gaza4,896
52Sudan4,914
53Honduras4,997
54Congo, Rep.5,454
55Pakistan5,539
56Moldova5,711
57Nicaragua5,855
58Nigeria5,887
59Tonga5,969
60Myanmar6,174
61Samoa6,641
62Angola6,658
63Vietnam6,790
64Uzbekistan6,880
65Cabo Verde6,913
66Lao PDR7,038
67India7,166
68Timor-Leste7,228
69Bolivia7,576
70El Salvador8,023
71Guatemala8,168
72Guyana8,180
73Morocco8,225
74Philippines8,361
75Belize8,525
76Eswatini8,659
77Ukraine8,699
78Jamaica9,066
79Jordan9,173
80Bhutan9,392
81Fiji9,575
82Armenia9,668
83Dominica10,037
84Namibia10,471
85Georgia10,674
86Kosovo10,760
87Egypt, Arab Rep.11,608
88Ecuador11,612
89St. Vincent and the Grenadines11,769
90Tunisia11,936
91Indonesia12,310
92Sri Lanka12,863
93Albania12,943
94Mongolia12,946
95Bosnia and Herzegovina13,108
96Paraguay13,109
97Peru13,463
98South Africa13,526
99St. Lucia13,986
100Colombia14,503
101Lebanon14,513
102Palau14,854
103Nauru15,039
104Grenada15,156
105Suriname15,191
106North Macedonia15,290
107Algeria15,293
108Serbia15,432
109Brazil15,553
110Dominican Republic16,064
111Maldives16,688
112China16,842
113Iraq16,935
114Botswana17,024
115Costa Rica17,110
116Azerbaijan17,450
117Venezuela**17,694
118Thailand17,910
119Turkmenistan18,031
120Gabon18,113
121Barbados18,559
122Mexico18,656
123Belarus18,896
124Montenegro19,355
125Libya19,673
126Argentina20,829
127Iran, Islamic Rep.20,885
128Bulgaria20,948
129Mauritius22,356
130Uruguay22,610
131Antigua and Barbuda23,522
132Equatorial Guinea24,439
133Panama24,521
134Chile24,747
135Russian Federation25,763
136Croatia26,296
137Kazakhstan26,491
138Romania26,660
139Turkey28,002
140Latvia28,362
141Greece28,583
142St. Kitts and Nevis28,636
143Hungary28,799
144Seychelles29,328
145Malaysia29,511
146Poland29,924
147Bahamas, The30,495
148Trinidad and Tobago31,645
149Slovak Republic32,371
150Portugal32,554
151Lithuania33,253
152Estonia33,448
153Cyprus36,012
154Slovenia36,387
155Czech Republic38,020
156Korea, Rep.38,824
157Israel38,868
158Spain39,037
159Puerto Rico39,092
160Aruba39,493
161New Zealand40,748
162Malta40,797
163Italy40,924
164Oman41,331
165Japan42,067
166France44,033
167United Kingdom44,920
168Finland46,344
169Canada46,510
170Bahrain47,708
171Belgium49,367
172Australia49,378
173Sweden51,405
174Germany52,556
175Austria53,879
176Saudi Arabia53,893
177Denmark54,356
178Netherlands54,422
179Iceland55,322
180Cayman Islands58,303
181United States59,928
182Hong Kong SAR, China61,671
183Norway62,183
184San Marino63,549
185Switzerland66,307
186Kuwait72,096
187United Arab Emirates74,035
188Ireland76,745
189Brunei Darussalam79,003
190Singapore94,105
191Luxembourg107,641
192Macao SAR, China115,367
193Qatar128,647
AndorraNo data
CubaNo data
North KoreaNo data
SomaliaNo data
SyriaNo data
MonacoNo data
LiechtensteinNo data

* only 2011 data available
** only 2014 data available
*** only 2016 data available

Source: World Development Indicators from the World Bank; GDP per capita based on purchasing power parity (PPP); data last updated on 18/05/19.

Lead image: Atlas & Boots

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